Drug abuse has deadly effects on the mind, behavior, and relationships, but the permanent effects of drugs on the body can slowly destroy vital systems and functioning of the various body parts that further culminate in permanent disability or even death. It is important to understand that different drugs affect the body in different ways and the effects of drugs can vary from person to person depending on their physical tolerances and overall health. Even legalized drugs, if taken in an excess amount can cause significant problems that cannot be easily undone or tackled and for some illegal drugs, excessive consumption might not even be necessary for lifelong damage to occur. So, here are some of the adverse effects of alcoholism and drug abuse that have detrimental consequences on the human body.
Injuries and Death
Today, drug-related deaths have more than tripled since the early 1980s. People, who are suffering from drug and alcohol addiction, have a higher risk of unintentional injuries, accidents, and domestic violence incidents. Even worse, they also have a high risk of death through both suicide and homicide cases. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it’s estimated that 1 out of every 4 deaths is caused by drugs and alcohol.
One of the side effects of drug and alcoholism is well known for is brain damage and injury. Most people have the potential for acute damage due to overdose or even damage to other organs in the body, such as liver damage from alcohol abuse or heart damage from the use of stimulants and various other types of drugs. These effects are certainly alarming and provide plenty of motivation for avoiding and treating drug abuse and addiction. Many of the rehabilitation centers provide various programs for alcohol detox.
If you drink heavily for a long time, your liver breaks down totally and can lead to a variety of problems like steatosis or fatty liver, Alcoholic hepatitis, Fibrosis, etc. Too much drinking makes the organ fatty and your liver cells don’t get what they need to survive. As the cells die off, your liver stops working, and this disease is called cirrhosis. These kinds of diseases are usually hard to cure because it becomes hard for the abuser to go through the process of Alcohol detox and to get rid of addiction.
Global Body Effects
Excessive amounts of drug and alcohol usage impacts every part of your body from your heart to your bowels. Alcohol changes the brain’s communication networks, causing disruptions in mood and behavior, and making it difficult to think and concentrate. Some drugs can also stop your bones from growing properly, while others result in severe muscle cramping and weakness as well. Using drugs over a long period of time will also damage your kidneys and your liver too. On getting into a drug withdrawal program in the rehabilitation center, the body may show numerous health effects, including restlessness, mood swings, muscle and bone pain, mental health problems, vomiting, and others.
One of the major problems we’ve seen these days is breast cancer, especially in ladies. It is seen that women who drink alcohol are at a higher risk of breast cancer and other gynecological problems, than non-drinking women.
Physical and mental effects
Over abuse of drugs and alcoholism weakens the immune system, increasing the risk of illness and infection. It also results in heart conditions ranging from abnormal heart rates to heart attacks and collapsed veins and blood vessel infections from injected drugs. Nausea and abdominal pain, which further lead to changes in appetite and weight loss could also be side effects of alcoholism. Increased strain on the liver, which puts the person at risk of significant liver damage or liver failures. Seizures, stroke, mental confusion, and brain damage are some of the frequent diseases caused by drugs. It may also result in problems with memory, attention, and decision-making, which make daily living more difficult.
Permanent Risks of hard drugs
Cocaine being one of the most dangerous drugs in the world, what it does to both the body and mind has been well documented, however, there are many factors that can influence the precise nature of the long-term physical effects that cocaine has on a user. Some of these factors include the timespan or the duration of the cocaine abuse. Plus, the frequency of consumption and type of cocaine taken. How the drug was taken whether it was snorted, smoked, or injected into a vein, as smoking cocaine makes the drug reach the brain more quickly than snorting, giving users the immediate effect also plays an important role. Among the long-term and possibly permanent effects of in taking cocaine and other hard drugs are decreases in bone density and muscle mass, which can lead to osteoporosis. Drugs also suppress appetite so much so that it can be a cause as well as consequence of eating disorders.
Drugs and alcohol attack every part of the human body. They don’t just affect your physical health. They affect your mental and emotional health as well. It is important to remember that there is no safe level of drug use. Always be careful when taking any kind of drug.